Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Ahoj, já jsem Veronika. Hi everybody! I am Veronika.
Welcome to CzechClass101.com’s “Česky za 3 minuty”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Czech.
In the last lesson, you learned how to count crowns. Did you practice at home?
In this lesson, you’ll learn other useful tips for talking about your schedule - for example, if a friend asks you "What are you doing this weekend?"
Let’s start!
To ask a friend, or someone you already know, you say:
Co děláš o víkendu?
[slowly] Co děláš o víkendu?
Let’s break it down.
Co is "what".
"děláš” is "to do" in the second person singular, which is usually used when talking to somebody in informal language.
And o víkendu is "this weekend".
If you want to ask the same question in a formal way, turn děláš into děláte, the formal version.
Co děláte o víkendu?
[slowly] Co děláte o víkendu?
What if you’re not asking about this weekend?
Asking about a different time period is as easy as replacing o víkendu.
“Tomorrow” is zítra.
So you can also say
Co děláš zítra?
Which means “What are you doing tomorrow?”
Or you could also ask about a time of day, like for example the “afternoon”, or odpoledne in Czech.
Co děláš odpoledne? Means “What are you doing in the afternoon?”
Or, you could put in a weekday, like pondělí, "Monday" or pátek, which is "Friday".
Co děláš v pondělí?
Co děláš v pátek?
V is a preposition that means “on”.
So now, if someone asks *you*
Co děláš zítra?, or "What are you doing tomorrow?", how can you answer?
Here's an example: Jdu do práce.
"I'm going to work."
Jdu means "I'm going", do means “to,” and práce means literally "the work". Feel free to replace práce with any other location!
Now it’s time for Veronika’s Insights.
In some situations, the question
Co děláš? can also mean more generally "What do you do?" or "What is your job?"
This is a really common question you can ask, or that you might be asked the first time you meet someone.
In this lesson you learned how to talk about your schedule. Next time you are going to learn how to use the verb “to be”, which is být. We'll also talk about how to tell people your nationality.
I'll be waiting for you in the next Česky za 3 minuty lesson.